标签:2016年职称英语《综合B》真题及答案发布时间:2016/6/20 15:56:00



Tunguska Event

1 A hundred years ago this week, a giganticexplosion ripped (撕裂) open the day y above a forest in western Siberia, leaving ascientific riddle that endures to this day.

2 A dazzling light pierced the heavens,followed by a shock wave as strong as 1,000 atomic bombs. The explosionflattened 80 million trees across an area of 2,000 square kilometers. Thefireball was so great that, a day later, Londoners could read their newspapersunder the night sky. What caused the so-called Tunguska Event, named after thenearby Podkamennaya Tunguska river, still remains a mystery.

3 Experts suspect it was a rock that, aftertraveling in space for millions of years, was destined to crash to Earth atexactly 7:17 a.m. on June 30, 1908. This possibility worries scientists.“Imagine an unspotted asteroid (小行星) hitting a significant chunk(块) of land ... and imagine if that area, unlike Tunguska, werepopulated,” the British science journal Nature com#mented recently.

4 But no fragments of the “rock” have everbeen found. Finding such evidence would be important, for it would increase ourknowledge about the risk posed by dangerous Near Earth Objects (NEOs), sayItalian researchers Luca Gasperini, Enrico Bonatti and Giuseppe Longo. When thenext Tunguska NEO approaches, scientists will have to decide whether to try todeflect (使偏转) it or blowit up in space.

5 However, several rival theories for theTunguska Event exist. Wolfgang Kundt, a professor at Germany's Bonn University,believes the Tunguska Event was caused by a massive escape of 10 million tonsof methane(甲烷)-rich gasfrom deep within earth's crust. Some people hold that the explosion was causedby an alien spaceship crash, or a black hole in the universe.

23. Paragraph 2

24. Paragraph 3

25. Paragraph 4

26. Paragraph 5

A. com#peting Explanations

B. Unknown Attacks

C. Mysterious Explosion

D. Star War

E. Importance of Finding Evidence

F. Explanation that Worries Scientists

27. The giganticexplosion that occurred a hundred years ago

28. The shock wavewhich followed the dazzling light

29. The hypothesisthat the explosion was caused by a rock colliding with the Earth

30. Wolfgang Kundt,who has developed an alternative theory

A. has remained a puzzle

B. lacks sufficient evidence

C. is a university professor

D. was generated by the explosion

E. will kill many animals

F. are attacked by aliens


Time to Stop Traveling by Air

Twenty-five years ago a young British mancalled Mark Ellingham decided that he wanted a change of scenery. So he went toAustralia, stopping off in many countries beween. He also decided to writeabout the experience and produced a guide for other travelers making similarjourneys.

In 1970, British airports were used by 32million people. In 2004, the figure was 216 million. In 2030, according togovernment forecasts, it will be around 500 million. It’s a growth driven bythe emergence of low cost airlines, offering access to all parts of the worldfor less than £100.

This has made a huge contribution to globalwarming. One return flight from Britain to the US produces the same carbondioxide (二氧化碳)as a year’smotoring (驾车). A returnflight to Australia equals the emissions (排放)of three average cars for a year. And the pollution is released at aheight where its effect on climate change is more than double that on theground.

Mark Ellingham built his business onhelping people travel. Now he wants to help people stop – at least by air.

He is calling for a £100 green tax on allflights to Europe and Africa, and £250 on flights to the rest of the world. Healso wants investment to create a low-carbon economy, as well as a halt to airportexpansion.

Mark Ellingham’s com#mitment is importantbecause his readers aren’t just the sort of young and adventurous people whowould happily jump on a plane to spend a weekend exploring a foreign culture.They are also the sort of people who say they care about the environment. It'sa debate that splits people down the middle.

The tourist industry has responded byoffering offsetting (补偿) schemes. A small increase in the price of a ticket is used toplant trees.

But critics say that it is not enough tojust be carbon neutral. We should be actively cutting back on puttinggreenhouse gases into the atmosphere. And for the average person, making aplane journey will be his or her largest contribution to global warming. It maybe good to repair the damage we do. But surely it is better not to do the damagein the first place.

16. Mark Ellingham spent quite a few days in China onhis way to Australia 25 years ago.

A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

17.Traveling from Britain to any other part of the world may cost you less than £100.

A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

18.A round trip flight from Britain to Australia produces the same amount of carbondioxide as three average cars do in a year.

A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

19.Mark Ellingham has never hesitated to encourage people to travel by.

A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

20.Mark Ellingham's readers are not interested in environmental protection.

A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

21.Critics argue that the best way to protect our environment is not to do anydamage to it.

A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

22.Mark Ellingham will collaborate with the critics in his efforts to fight globalwarming.

A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned




1.All houses within 100 metres of the seas are at risk of flooding.

A. out of control B. between equals C. in particular D. in danger

2.The idea was quite brilliant.

A. positive B. clever C. key D. original

3.Stock market price tumbled after rumor of a rise in interest rate.

A. regulated B. fell C. increased D. maintained

4.We are worried about this fluid situation full with uncertainty.

A. stable B. suitable C. adaptable D. changeable

5.The revelation of his past led to his resignation.

A. imagination B. confirmation C. disclosure D. recall

6.Jensen is a dangerous man, and can be very brutal.

A. careless B. strong C. cruel D. hard

7.The coastal has area has very mild winter, but the central plains remainextremely cold.

A. warm B. severe C. hard D.dry

8.You'll have to sprint if you want to catch the train.

A. jump B. escape C. prepare D. run

9.The course gives you basic instruction in car maintenance.

A. idea B. term C. coaching D. aspect

10.The new garment fits her perfectly.

A. haircut B. purse C. necklace D. clothes

11.The phobia may have its root in a childhood trauma.

A. fear B. joy C. hurt D. memory

12.The details of the costume were totally authentic.

A. outstanding B. creative C. real D. false

13.They have built canals to irrigate the desert.

A. decorate B. water C. change D. visit

14.We are aware of the potential problems.

A. possible B. global C. ongoing D. central

15.Her overall language proficiency remains that of a toddler.

A. disabled B. baby C. pupil D. teenager