An Early Form of Jazz Music
Music com#es in many forms; most countries have a style of their own. At the turn of the last century, ____1 jazz was born , America had no prominent ____2 of its own. No one knows exactly when was invented or by whom. But it began to be ____3____ in the early 1890s. Jazz is America's contribution to
____4_____ music. In contrast to classical music, which __5__ formal European traditions, jazz is spontaneous and free in form1. It bubbles with energy, __6__ the moods, interests, and emotions of the people. In the' 1920s jazz __7__ like America. And so it does today. The __8__ of the music are as interesting as the music itself. American Negroes, or blacks, as they are called today, were the jazz pioneers. They were brought to the Southern states __9__ slaves. They were sold to plantation owners and forced to work long hours. When a Negro died his friends and relatives __ 10 ___ a procession to carry to body to the cemetery. In New Orleans, a band often accom#panied the 11 . On the way to the cemetery the band played slow, solemn music, suited to the occasion. __12__ on the way home the mood changed. Spirits lifted. Death had removed one of their number2, but the living were glad to be 13__. The band played 14 music, improvising on both the harmony and the melody of the tunes3 15 __ at the funeral. This music made everyone want to dance. It was an early form of jazz.
Jazz n. 爵士乐 spontaneous adj.自发的
bubble v. 充溢 Negro n.黑人
plantation n.种植园 procession n. 行列、队伍
cemetery n.公墓 improvise v. 即兴
1. jazz is spontaneous and free in form 爵士乐是自发的，不拘形式。
2. Death had removed one of their number 死亡带走了他们中的一员，number这里是(人或单位的)总和、全体。
3. …improvising on both the harmony and the melody of the tunes 根据曲调的和声和旋律即兴演奏。
Ethnic Tensions in Belgium
Belgium has given the world Audrey Hepburn Rene Magritte (surrealist artist), the saxophone(萨克斯管)and deep-fried potato chips that are somehow called French.
But the story behind this flat, twice-Beijing-size country is of a bad marriage between two nationalities living together that cannot stand each other. With no new government, more than a hundred days after a general election, rumors run wild that the country is about to disappear.
"We are two different nations, an artificial state. With nothing in com#mon except a king, chocolate and beer." Said Filp Dewinter, the leader of the Flemish Bloc, the extreme-right Flemish party.
Radical Flemish separatists like Mr Dewinter want to divide the country horizontally along ethnic and economic lines: to the north. Flanders—where Dutch (known locally as Flemish) is spoken and money is increasingly made; to the south. French-speaking Wallonla, where today old factories dominate the landscape.
The area of present-day Belgium passed to the French in the 18th century. Following the defeat of Napoleon in 1815. Belgium was given to the kingdom of the Netherlands, from which it gained independence as a separate kingdom of the Netherlands, from which it gained independence as a separate kingdom in 1830.
Since then, it has struggled for cohesion(结合).Anyone who has spoken French in a Flemish city quickly gets a sense of the mutual hostility that is part of daily life there.
But there are reasons Belgium is likely to stay together, at least in the short term.
The economies of the two regions are tightly linked, and separation would be a financial nightmare.
But there is also deep resentment in Flanders that its much healthier economy must subsidize(补贴)the south, where unemployment is double that of the north. French speakers in the south, meanwhile, favor the states quo(现状).
Belgium has made it through previous threats of divisio
on. Although some political analysts believe this one is different, there is no panic just now.
"We must not worry too much." said Baudouln Bruggeman, a 55-year-old school-teacher." Belgium has survived on com#promise since 1930. You have to remember that this is Magritte's country, the country of surrealism. Anything can happen."
36【题干】Who was Magritte?
A.A French novelist
D.A surrealist artist
37.【题干】when did Belgium becom#e an independent kingdom?
38【题干】Which statement about Belgium is NOT true?
A.it is twice as big as Beijing.
B.it has two major ethnic groups.
C.it has gone through quite a few threats of division.
D.it has no government.
39【题干】what does the passage main talk about?
C.Cultural clashes in Belgium.
D.Music in Belgium.
40【题干】The word "stand" in Paragraph 2 means_____.