公共英语写作中造句与改写句子的解题技巧

标签:公共英语写作中造句与改写句子的解题技巧发布时间:2017/5/6 9:13:00

PETS第三级写作内容包括书信(100词)和图表、图画情景作文(120词)两部分。下面是小编为大家搜索整理的2017年公共英语写作中造句与改写句子的解题技巧,希望能给大家带来帮助!更多精彩内容请及时关注我们学优考试网!

文章是通过一个一个小篇章来表达思想和主题的,篇章的构造需要词与句子作为它的基本原料,我们说如果说文章的主题思想是灵魂的话,那句子就是文章无数的血管。血液不通畅文章也就将难成好的文章,我们在对付PETS考试中的作文时,一定要拿捏好以下几个改句、造句的原则:

(一)主题句原则

一个好的主题句是文章成功的一半。不仅文章有主题,段落有纲,句也必有中心。文章失却主题,就会不知所云;落无纲,则一盘散沙,句缺中心,就无意义。所以,在立足于篇章时,一定要首先明确文的主题;在发展段落时,也要首先写好主题句。从PETS三的特点来考虑,主题句最好是置于文首或段首,这样让人一目了然! 以下就是两个实用的开门见山式发展主题句的方法。

●To begin with, we must attach the greatest importance possible to this issue/fact (key word).

●As is well known to all, it is now high time that we took this (topic word) into serious consideration.

(二) 句式变化原则

好的文章动静结合、张弛有度有节奏感。句式也是一样,要有变化性,这不仅能使文章更生动,也是语言表达方式的需要和表达能力的体现。句式的变化,主要是要注意两点:

● 不要从头至尾使用一种句型。

● 长短句结合。

由于语言功底的欠缺和惯用思维,很多人写的文章一种句式到头,如:

I think …

I hope…

He does it.

He will take it

这样的文章虽然意思表达出来了,却显得呆板,欠生动。解决的办法是:

1.间或使用主从复句。

Because he is very much determined, he will carry it out this time. (原因)

比较:He is very much determined. He will carry it out this time.

2.使用分词结构句。

The weather being fine, a large number of people went sightseeing.

比较:The weather is fine. A large number of people went sightseeing.

Africa is the second largest continent, its size being about three times that of China.

比较:Africa is the second largest continent. Its size is about three times that of China.

3.使用不定式句。

To be or not to be, that is a question. (莎士比亚)

To study or not to study, that is much different.(引申)

To do it well, you must plan it well.

比较:You want to do it well. And you must plan it well.

4.倒装句

Only when we fully recognize its importance can we have control of its essence.

比较:After we fully recognize its importance, we can have control of its essence.

No sooner had he arrived home than it began to rain.

比较:He arrived home. And it began to rain.

5.失衡句

whether or not he will come is still unknown to all the people present.

比较:No one present knows whether he will come or not.

That he has done it all by himself is known to everyone.

比较:Everyone knows that he has done it all by himself.

当然,句子并不是越长越好,也不是越复杂水平就越高。凡事皆有度。太多长句的堆砌让人觉得是买弄。有时侯,一个短小精辟的句子可以起到画龙点睛的作用。特别是在文末段尾。比如:

●As a creature, every one knows.

●Actions speak louder than words.

●Practice makes perfect.

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