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2016年高考试题汇编(语文)

2016年高考试题汇编(语文)

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各学科按知识点分类汇编,包含2016年全国各地高考考试题;排版工整,图片清晰正确,试题无误,全国统一标准答案;一线名师详析真题、考点定位、名师点睛。2017年高考考生必备复习资料,人手一本,悉历年高考重难点,悉历年高考新动向,悉历年高考高频考点,让备考变得轻松而高效!

内容简介

目 录

专题一 语言运用之语音、字形、标点、修辞及综合运用等····························· 2

专题二 正确使用词语(包括熟语)··························································· 7

专题三 辨析或修改语病·········································································· 15

专题四 扩展语句、压缩语段···································································· 20

专题五 语言表达之词句填空···································································· 21

专题六 语言表达之图文转换···································································· 25

专题七 语言表达简明连贯得体、准确鲜明生动············································ 28

专题八 古典诗歌鉴赏············································································· 31

专题九 名句默写和文学常识···································································· 44

专题十 文言文阅读················································································ 54

专题十一 论述类文本阅读······································································· 94

专题十二 传记类与新闻类文本阅读··························································· 118

专题十三 文学类阅读之散文···································································· 129

专题十四 文学类阅读之小说···································································· 145

专题十五 写作······················································································ 170

部分内容截取:

【2016年高考山东卷】拖延症的表现是,在能够预料后果不良的情况下,仍然把计划要做的事情一再推迟。请运用比喻、比拟的修辞手法写出拖延症的危害。不超过40个字。(4分)

【答案】示例:拖延症是生命的窃贼,它会在不知不觉中,盗取你的热情,偷走你的机会。

【解析】

试题分析:顾名思义,“拖延症”,拖延的是时间,耽搁的是时间。由题干来看,拖延症的表现为“在能够预料后果不良的情况下,仍然把计划要做的事情一再推迟”,据此可分析出拖延症的危害:拖延症是一种精神怠惰的表现,它会使计划落空,会使机会丧失,会使理想付诸东流,会使导致本来可以成功的事情失败,会使生命一点一点消磨在拖延中,而且明知错误还不改正。考生答题时运用比喻、比拟的修辞手法把上述危害表述出来即可。注意字数要求。

【考点定位】正确运用常用的修辞方法。语言表达简明、连贯、得体、准确、鲜明、生动。能力层级为表达运用E。

【名师点睛】本题是一道综合性题目,既考查正确运用修辞手法的能力,又考查语言表达准确鲜明生动的能力,有一定难度。对于这种综合性题目,考生解答时首先要仔细阅读题干,明确题干要求,全面掌握考查方向,然后再确定答题思路。本题题干要求考生用“比喻、比拟的修辞手法写出拖延症的危害”,这就要求考生首先应知道“拖延症的危害”是什么。本题题干提供的材料有限,这也就提示考生从“拖延症”这个名字和“拖延症”的表现入手分析即可。概括出“拖延症”的危害后,再用含有比喻、比拟修辞手法的句子表述出来就可以得到答案了。不过从整个高考试卷来看,本题和诗歌鉴赏题目同时考查到“比拟”这一修辞手法,似有重复之嫌。

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