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2016语文高频考点夺分决窍 重点名校取胜之道

2016语文高频考点夺分决窍 重点名校取胜之道

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本资料有四大特点:1、思想性。根据2016年《考试说明》要求,对高频考点深入解读,明确考查要求和目标。2、实践性。没有教学实践,思维的发展就失去了动力,就不会有创造性的思维。本资料各专题中围绕热点题型举一反三,分析夺分决窍,总结了高考所有重要考点和题型的解题思路及科学有效的套路方法.对于重要的题型,给出“分析”,引导学生自己找到解题的突破口,从而达到归纳解题方法的目的。3、时效性。内容要紧跟考试变化,为了提高考生解决解答题的能力,从历年高考真题,中筛选经典题型,归纳总结出各种解题方法和技巧,让每一位学子能享受到高品质的内容。4、预测性。根据考试方向与命题趋势,每个考点中配有高考预测题,为提高考生的备考效率和实战能力。

本资料主要是应用于考生考前冲刺复习资料用书,学生对掌握好的考点可以跳过,只选薄弱考点进行实效的训练,考点灵活自由安排。尤其对中等以上学生成绩提升有很大帮助,真正做到能让有上进心的考生“用一本,上重本”。

内容简介

1 识记现代汉语普通话的字音··································································· 3

2 识记现代汉字的字形············································································ 15

3 正确使用标点符号··············································································· 28

4 正确使用词语····················································································· 46

5 辨析并修改病句·················································································· 70

6 扩展语句与压缩语段············································································ 91

7 选用、仿用、变换句式、仿用句式(含修辞)··········································· 106

8 语言表达简明、连贯、得体、准确、鲜明、生动········································ 126

9 图文转换··························································································· 153

10 理解常见文言实词在文中的含义··························································· 173

11 理解常见文言虚词在文中的意义和用法··················································· 185

12 筛选信息、分析综合·········································································· 195

13 理解与现代汉语不同的句式和用法························································ 206

14 理解并翻译文中的句子······································································· 220

15 诗歌的鉴赏与评价············································································· 234

16 鉴赏小说的形象、故事情节、环境描写和表达技巧··································· 252

17 探究小说的主题、标题、丰富意蕴和艺术手法········································· 295

18 赏析散文的形象及内涵以及分析散文的主要表现手法································ 316

19 传记阅读························································································· 351

20 新闻阅读························································································· 369

21 科普文章阅读··················································································· 389

22 论述类文本阅读--理解文中重要概念与句子含意······································· 410

23 论述类文本阅读--把握文章思路,分析观点态度······································· 428

24 论述类文本阅读--筛选整合信息,归纳内容要点······································· 448

25作文之开头与结尾、文体与构思···························································· 464

26 作文之审题与立意、拟题与点题··························································· 483

27 作文之选材与用材············································································· 500

28 如何写好议论文················································································ 511

部分内容截取:

 下列词语中,加点字的注音全都正确的一项是

A.摭(zhí)拾  哄(hōng)笑   擎(qín)天柱   钻(zuān)木取火

B.屏(bǐng)息 包扎(zhā)    夹(jiā)克衫   言之凿凿(záo)

C.孱(càn)弱  牌坊(fāng)   干(gàn)细胞   铩(shā)羽而归

D.吟哦(é)    皲(jūn)裂    胳(gā)肢窝    蜚(fēi)声中外

【答案】D

【解析】A. 擎(qíng)天柱   钻(zuàn)木取火

B. 包扎(zā)    夹(jiá)克衫   言之凿凿(záo) C.孱(chán)弱    

【夺分决窍】

 形声字是由形旁和声旁组成的字,声旁表音,形旁表义。但是由于古今语音的变化,大约有四分之三的形声字的声旁不能准确表示现在的读音。于是,形声字字音的辨识成为高考字音考查的重点之一。

1.着眼声旁,斟酌辨析。例如,“毗邻”的“毗”,不读bǐ,而读pí;“酵母”的“酵”,不读xiào,而读jiào。

2.推敲韵母是否准确。例如,“并行不悖”的“悖”,不读bó,而读bèi;“按捺不住”的“捺”,不读nài,而读nà。

【举一反三】

下列各组词语中加点字的读音,完全正确的一组是(   )

     A.耄耋(dié)   调运(diào)  悬崖勒马(lè)    惊魂甫定(pǔ)

     B.沉淀(diàn)  喟然(wèi)   并行不悖(bèi)   酩酊大醉(dǐng)

     C.差劲(chà)   拙劣(zhuō)  似是而非(sì)     数见不鲜(shù)

     D.供给(gōng)   囤积(tún)    春色撩人(liào)  蒙头转向(mēng)

【答案】D

【解析】本题主要考查的是形声字。A项中“惊魂甫定”的“甫”读fǔ。B项“喟然”中的“喟”读kuì。C项“数见不鲜”的“数”读shuò。

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